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Heat Related Illness

During outdoor activities defend against heat related illness - practice prevention by drinking plenty of water, staying in cool areas and wearing light clothing | Heat Advisory

Tips for Preventing Heat Related Illness:

The best defense is prevention:  STAY COOL—STAY  HYDRATED—STAY INFORMED

  • Drink more fluid; regardless of your activity level. Don’t wait until you are thirsty.
  • Don’t drink liquids that contain large amount of sugar. This could cause you to lose more body fluid. Also avoid very cold drinks, because they can cause stomach cramps.
  • Stay indoors and if at all possible, stay in an air conditioned place.
  • Electric fans may provide comfort, but when the temperature is in the high 90s, fans will not prevent heat related illness. Taking a cool shower or bath is a much better way to cool off.
  • Wear light-weight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
  • NEVER leave anyone in a closed , parked vehicle.

If you must be out in the heat:                                                          

  • Limit your outdoor activity.
  • If you must exercise drink two to four glasses of cool fluids per hour.
  • Try to rest often in shady areas.
  • Protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide brimmed hat (also keeps you cooler) and sunglasses and putting sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater.

Signs/Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion:

  • Heavy sweating
  • Weakness
  • Cold, Pale and clammy skin
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fainting

What should you do - Heat Exhaustion?

  • Move to a cooler location.
  • Lie down and loosen clothing.
  • Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of the body as possible.
  • Sip water.
  • If vomiting occurs and it continues, seek medical attention immediately.

Signs/Symptoms of Heat Stroke:

  • High body temperature (above 103 degrees)
  • Hot red, dry or moist skin
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Possible unconsciousness

What should you do - Heat Stroke?

  • Call 911-immediately—this is an emergency.
  • Move the person to a cooler environment.
  • Reduce the person’s body temperature with cool cloths or even a bath.
  • Do NOT give fluids.